This case involves developing fracking wells that were allegedly releasing chemicals into the groundwater due to negligence on the part of a hydraulics company in Pennsylvania. A Pennsylvania-based family of five allowed an Oil and Gas operator to drill and simulate oil wells on their property for over 20 years, continuing into 2005. When drawing water from their home in 1996, the grandfather noticed a foul odor, and how the water would intermittently turn black. While the grandfather stopped drinking the well water, the entire family continued to shower with it. With the assurance of the oil and gas well operator in 2002 that a hydro-geological assessment of their well had tested negatively for any petroleum by-products or interaction between the gas and water wells, the husband began to drink the well water again. The grandfather began to exhibit neurological symptoms, including “spells,” memory issues, chronic body pains, sleep disturbances, and seizures. The family experienced frequent nosebleeds. Nearby neighbors experienced nosebleeds, cognitive disorders, skin disorders, and some lost their hair and eyebrows. Livestock and animals in the area given the water died from unknown causes. Subsequent testing by the Environmental Protection Agency from detected toxic compounds in the family’s water and in nearby monitoring wells, and expressed the opinion that transmission from gas to water wells was the likely source of the toxic compounds. Hydro-geologic and Drilling experts identified that nearby gas wells were defective and leaking into the family’s water well, and noted that hydraulic fracturing was intermittently performed on nearby wells in the 1990’s and 2000’s.