This case takes place California and involves a female patient who underwent a craniotomy. Post-op, the patient was found to have confusion, difficulty speaking, and was unable to read or write. The patient returned immediately to the OR. After this second surgery, the patient was transferred to the ICU for monitoring. Doctors followed up with extensive imaging studies of the patient’s brain, as well as observation of her behavior. Several days after the procedure, the patient was found to be less responsive, and additional imaging revealed the presence of a brain bleed. The patient was taken back to the OR, where she underwent an awake craniectomy to allow the brain to swell and ensure doctors could test her speech responses. It is alleged that the neurosurgeon drilled into the patient’s brain during the original procure.