This case involves a twelve-year-old student that was in the seventh grade at a Junior High School. The student’s class was escorted across the street to a nearby elementary school cafeteria to view an art exhibit. The student’s class was told to assemble in a hallway outside the cafeteria after viewing the art exhibit so that they could return to their school. There were quarter-inch thick plate glass windows on the side of the hallway opposite the cafeteria. One of the windows had several cracks in it, which had been repaired by placing tape over the cracks in order to reinforce the glass. The tape had been in place for four months but the glass had not been replaced by the school board. When the student leaned over to fix her stocking, her elbow hit the window and the glass collapsed around her arm and cut her severely in several places. The student had to get stitches and had to have surgery to remove the scars and this required hospitalization for one week. The student’s parents sued the school board for negligence because they knew about the broken window but did not fix it.