This case involves an elderly woman in Mainewith a past medical history of lumbar surgery, who presented to the emergency room with complaints of extreme pain. While the patient was in the emergency room she was given a number of painkillers, however the medication had no apparent effect on her pain. Due to her distress, the patient was admitted. Shortly after admission, the patient began to manifest a fever, as well as localized pain and tenderness of her lower back. The patient was scheduled for spinal surgery intended to treat her pain, and as a result underwent pre-operative examinations and testing. Initial testing revealed no abnormalities, however later testing began to show highly elevated white blood cell counts. A bacterial culture later revealed the presence of bacteria in her bloodstream. Eventually, the patient was diagnosed with sepsis and died in the hospital.