This case involves a patient who underwent a minimally invasive heart valve surgery. The operation left the patient with holes throughout his heart, necessitating emergency heart surgery. The patient had suffered from a heart murmur believed to be linked to a valve defect for several years prior to undergoing surgery. Following the surgery, the patient experienced ongoing cardiovascular symptoms and was seen by another cardiologist. Cardiovascular imaging taken during this visit showed blood flowing into every chamber of his heart. The patient then underwent corrective surgery to repair the injury, during which the surgeon noted that the patient’s injuries had most likely been caused by poor technique on the part of his original surgeon. It was alleged that the defendant should never have utilized minimally invasive heart valve surgery technique on patient’s heart, but rather should have performed a traditional through the chest operation.