This addiction treatment case involves a 58-year-old veteran in California who was prescribed diazepam by her family medicine physician to treat post-traumatic stress disorder. She previously had trouble sleeping and frequent anxiety distress due to traumatic events that had occurred during her service in the military. The patient was doing well on the medication for the past few years and was showing diminished signs of anxiety. However, the physician abruptly ended the patient’s prescription without prescribing an alternative or allowing time for the patient to adjust. As a result, she developed significant side effects and cognitive deficits.