This case involves an elderly woman in Georgia who was referred to a neurosurgeon for removal of a herniated disk. After the procedure, which was completed without incident, the patient noted that her foot was numb. The patient continued to experience ongoing loss of sensation in the weeks following the procedure, and saw another doctor for diagnosis. After diagnostic testing, the cause of the woman’s injury was determined to be a severe peroneal nerve injury. Excluding direct damage to the nerve during the surgery, it was determined that the injury was most likely a result of a positioning error during the surgery. As a result of her injury, the woman suffers from debilitating foot drop.