Aggressive Ram Behavior Caused by Negligent Farm Owner Leads to Injury

This case study explores an incident where a farm visitor was injured by a ram, allegedly due to the farm owner's negligence in providing treats within the pen.

ByZach Barreto


Published on February 23, 2024

Person feeding a ram

Case Overview

This case study explores an incident where an individual was injured while assisting on a farm. The plaintiff found themselves in a pen with lambs, engaging in what they believed to be harmless interaction. However, the situation escalated when the farm owner joined them and tossed treats into their hand. Unbeknownst to the plaintiff, a ram was also present within the enclosure. As they attempted to navigate through the lamb herd towards the exit to evade the ram, it charged at them before they could escape.

It is alleged that the farm owner acted negligently by providing treats while the ram was in the pen, potentially inciting its aggressive behavior. An expert in farm animal behavior has been sought to review this case and provide a comprehensive report.

Questions to the Agriculture expert and their responses


Can you describe your experience in farm animal behavior, specifically rams and lambs?

I have over 10 years of experience in engineering and 7 years of experience in animal behavior. I own a family farm in Minnesota where we raise beef cattle and hay on 700 acres, maintaining various types of fences spanning 8 miles. My academic background includes an honors degree from North Dakota State University in Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering.


What precautions should have been taken to avoid this incident?

Several precautions could have prevented this unfortunate event. Typically, prey animals do not exhibit violent behavior in response to food stimuli; such aggression usually arises due to perceived threats to safety or territory.

About the expert

This expert brings over a decade of experience in engineering and manufacturing, complemented by an academic background in agricultural and biosystems engineering from North Dakota State University and an MBA from Indiana University. Their career has spanned various roles in production management, continuous improvement, and manufacturing engineering at several prominent companies. Currently, they serve as a manufacturing engineer at an international firm in Minnesota while also owning and operating a family farm, providing them with practical insights into farm animal behavior.

Expert headshot



About the author

Zach Barreto

Zach Barreto

Zach Barreto is a distinguished professional in the legal industry, currently serving as the Senior Vice President of Research at the Expert Institute. With a deep understanding of a broad range of legal practice areas, Zach's expertise encompasses personal injury, medical malpractice, mass torts, defective products, and many other sectors. His skills are particularly evident in handling complex litigation matters, including high-profile cases like the Opioids litigation, NFL Concussion Litigation, California Wildfires, 3M earplugs, Elmiron, Transvaginal Mesh, NFL Concussion Litigation, Roundup, Camp Lejeune, Hernia Mesh, IVC filters, Paraquat, Paragard, Talcum Powder, Zantac, and many others.

Under his leadership, the Expert Institute’s research team has expanded impressively from a single member to a robust team of 100 professionals over the last decade. This growth reflects his ability to navigate the intricate and demanding landscape of legal research and expert recruitment effectively. Zach has been instrumental in working on nationally significant litigation matters, including cases involving pharmaceuticals, medical devices, toxic chemical exposure, and wrongful death, among others.

At the Expert Institute, Zach is responsible for managing all aspects of the research department and developing strategic institutional relationships. He plays a key role in equipping attorneys for success through expert consulting, case management, strategic research, and expert due diligence provided by the Institute’s cloud-based legal services platform, Expert iQ.

Educationally, Zach holds a Bachelor's degree in Political Science and European History from Vanderbilt University.

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