Vaping and Cardiorespiratory Arrest in Young Adults

This case study explores the potential link between heavy vaping and a sudden cardiorespiratory arrest in an 18-year-old individual, who subsequently passed away due to complications.

ByExpert Institute


Published on February 6, 2024

Vapes being tested in a laboratory setting

Case Overview

In this case study, we examine an incident involving an 18-year-old who suffered a sudden cardiorespiratory arrest due to heavy use of a specific brand of electronic vape. This young adult's health rapidly deteriorated, leading to pneumonia and complications in the hospital, eventually leading to their untimely death. This case revolves around determining whether the vaping device contributed to the patient's injuries and subsequent death.

Questions to the Pulmonology expert and their responses


How often have you managed and evaluated young adult patients who suffered cardiorespiratory arrest?

As a board-certified pulmonologist and critical care physician, I frequently encounter and manage cases involving young adults experiencing cardiorespiratory arrest. My work within a medical ICU involves dealing with both chronic respiratory conditions, including pulmonary hypertension, which can lead to chronic heart failure, and acute critical illnesses.


What information would you need in order to determine if the young man's injuries were exacerbated by the vape he was using?

To establish whether vape use contributed significantly to this individual's injuries, I would require comprehensive medical records and, if available, the EMS run sheet. These documents are crucial in piecing together the most plausible sequence of events leading up to the cardiorespiratory arrest.

About the expert

This expert is a highly qualified pulmonary and critical care medicine expert who holds board certifications in internal medicine, pulmonary disease, and critical care medicine. They have completed fellowships at prestigious institutions including Yale and Stanford, with specialty focused on pulmonary vascular disease. They currently serve as an instructor of medicine at an Ivy League university, and as the director of a pulmonary hypertension center at a university-affiliated hospital. This expert brings extensive clinical experience and academic insight to the case study.

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