This case involves a thirteen-year-old student who was waiting with a group of students to enter his middle school at the south entrance of the building. A teacher who was arriving for work that morning approached the entrance and attempted to enter the building. The teacher tried to explain to the students that they were not allowed to enter so early in the morning. As the teacher proceeded to open the door, the group of students began pushing the teacher and the door to enter the school. Some of the students placed their feet in the threshold of the doorway to prohibit the teacher from closing the door. One of the students pushed his friend into the teacher from behind. When the teacher turned around, the group of settled down and moved away from the teacher. The teacher placed his hands on the student’s chest, told him to stop pushing and told him that his behavior was “dangerous” and unacceptable. The teacher then put his hands around the student’s neck and choked him for approximately 30 seconds. The teacher then grabbed the student by his nipple and led him to the Dean’s Office. The student had to see a doctor who diagnosed him with an injury of the neck and upper torso area. The student also had to see a psychologist for emotional and psychological treatments. The psychologist performed a biofeedback and diagnosed him with posttraumatic stress disorder as the result of the school violence from the teacher. The student’s parents sued the school for use of force and negligence in causing their son’s injuries.