This case involves an 8th-grade student who was taking a science class. The student’s teacher used an activity plan that required students to use scalpels to dissect the reproductive parts of a flower. The teacher started the class using standard lab instructions and told the students that they would be using scalpels and that the scalpels were very sharp. The teacher told the students that they needed to be careful and that there shouldn’t be any “goofing off” going on while they were using the scalpels. The teacher also told the students to be very serious while they were working because the scalpels were sharp and told them that they should put the caps back on the scalpels when they were done working. Before the student’s class, two other students had been cut while using the scalpels. It was the student’s first time using a scalpel and he tried to pull the protective cap off the scalpel because the cover was stuck. When the student pulled harder on the cap, the scalpel suddenly broke free and cut him. The scalpel cut through two of the student’s fingers and severed one of his tendons. The student had to have reconstructive surgery. The student’s parents sued the school district for negligence.