This case involves a sixteen-year-old male student who was injured and later died in his school gym after he had been “slap boxing” with another student. On the day in question, the student had finished eating lunch and headed to the boys’ gym and began “slap boxing” with another student. The teenage boys continued boxing for 5 to 10 minutes when one student was struck in the face and fell backwards, fracturing his skull on the asphalt. The student died later that night from his injuries. The physical education department had no policies in place specifying exactly who was to supervise the students in the boy’s gym during lunchtime. The physical education department only had a policy that the teacher in the gym office was responsible for supervising students in the boys’ gym during lunchtime. On the day the student was injured, the supervising teacher remained in the gym office without a clear line of sight to the students. The area of the boys’ gym where the accident occurred was obscured by a wall in the office. The student’s parents sued the school district in a wrongful death action.