This case involves a 66-year-old woman who went in for a second heart valve replacement surgery. It was a long surgery that required the patient to be on the bypass machine for 4 hours. Postoperatively, the patient developed a compartment syndrome in her arm because there was an infiltrate in her IV. Multiple experts confirmed that the IV infiltrate should not have occurred and that this causes compartment syndrome, leading to fasciotomies. As a result of these complications, the patient was left in full kidney failure and was told that she will require dialysis for the remainder of her life. A nephrologist was sought to review the records and opine on whether the kidney failure was multi-factorial or due to a single event.