This case involves an incarcerated woman with a past medical history of spinal arthritis who was admitted to the hospital for several days with an acute gastrointestinal bleed. While being treated for the gastrointestinal bleed, the patient complained of lower back pain and was found to have an epidural abscess. The patient underwent various surgical procedures to remove portions of the vertebral bone and relieve the pressure from compressed nerves. She was eventually diagnosed with cauda equina syndrome. In spite of immediate surgical intervention, the patient subsequently passed away from hospital-acquired pneumonia. It was alleged that if the patient had been allowed an early parole, she would have received better surgical treatment and would not have suffered the medical complications she did.