While working as a compliance officer with OSHA for 25 years, I conducted hundreds of construction worksite inspections and recommended citations related to employees working near energized electrical boxes and wires. As an OSHA area director and regional administrator, I oversaw the investigation of hundreds of fatality investigations caused by contact with energized electrical parts. I also served as the director of OSHA’s directorate of training and education which was responsible for training all OSHA compliance officers in the United States on hazards in the workplace, including courses specifically addressing electrical hazards on construction worksites. Only a qualified person, defined as, “one who has received training in and has demonstrated skills and knowledge in the construction and operation of electric equipment and installations and the hazards involved” is allowed to work on or near exposed energized electrical parts. Additionally, employers in the construction industry must initiate and maintain programs necessary to comply with the OSHA requirements. Those programs shall provide for frequent and regular inspections of the job site, materials, and equipment to be made by a competent person designated by the employer. I would need to have more details about the case in order to make a determination regarding the specific OSHA regulations that would apply to this type of work. In general, 29 CFR 1926 Subpart C – General Safety and Health Provisions, 29 CFR 1926 Subpart K – Electrical, 29 CFR 1910 Subpart S – Electrical, and Section 5(a)(1) of the OSH Act. I have reviewed thousands of OSHA cases involving this type of hazard. Some of those cases were investigated as a result of electrocution or electrical shock, while others address the hazards in a proactive manner before an injury occurred. As a private consultant, I have addressed similar hazards and provided training to workers and management on electrical hazards in both construction and general industrial environments.