This case involves a company that produced proprietary web content bearing its registered trademark. The company protected its content through copyright registrations, however, it continually faced infringement on Internet sites that hosted stolen content. The company spent enormous time and resources attempting to provide notice of infringement and hold parties responsible for infringement activity. It was eventually forced to look to domestic companies which provide Internet services to pirate sites without terminating them as repeat infringers. It was alleged that the internet service providers are aware of the infringement taking place on these sites, are able to stop it, but choose not to. An expert in computer science and internet architecture was sought to break down these technical concepts into plain English to assist the jury in understanding the issues of the case.