Company’s Share Prices Drop After Alleged Performance Manipulation

    SEC ExpertThis is a securities class action case on behalf of purchasers of a company’s common stock from the company’s initial public offering over the course of 5 years. It was alleged that the company manipulated its performance by engaging in self-dealing, altering loan applications, and misleading institutional directors. As a result, the company was forced to amend its annual report, which rendered prior SEC filings unreliable. As a result, share prices dropped 65% from when they traded during the week of the company’s IPO. An expert in IPO due diligence was sought to opine on the requirements for reasonable investigations by the board of directors to the truth and accuracy of registration statements for initial public offers.

    Question(s) For Expert Witness

    • 1. Please describe your experience serving on a board of directors for a company undergoing an IPO.
    • 2. What are reasonable investigations that a board of directors would undertake in order to verify the accuracy of registration statements for an IPO, if any?

    Expert Witness Response E-231382

    I worked on IPOs as a board member, an executive, and an investment banker. I served on the board of a leading coffee company before its IPO. I also served on the board of a company that develops and licenses intellectual property through its IPO. I am extremely familiar with the current SEC and Sarbanes Oxley requirements for publicly traded companies. I have served on several publicly traded company audit committees of the board of directors. The audit committee should have done proper audit due diligence to assure the board of directors that the audits that were being done for the SEC filings (S-1 and subsequent 10-Ks) were conducted properly and that should have included due diligence on whether there was an opportunity for fraud or misstatement of the financial statements. Additionally, the audit committee should have been heavily involved in the Sarbanes Oxley Section 404a analysis which would have uncovered any material weaknesses in the company’s financial controls as well as the tone at the top. This SOX work, if done properly, by the internal auditor and/or outside consultants with no relation to the auditors and overseen by the audit committee of the board of directors, would have uncovered whether there was any self-dealing or altering of loan applications. I have served as an expert witness in multiple cases regarding securities matters. One case concerned whether a company received fair value during a merger. The other case was about valuing the equity ownership in a marital dissolution case.

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