This talent acquisition and labor relations case concerns several African American employees who worked at a power-generating facility. The company had a long history of having a “segregated” workplace where most African American employees worked in the labor department and most Caucasian employees worked in the four other operating departments at the company. The company changed its policy to require that for employees in the labor department to be eligible to transfer out of their jobs into higher paying jobs in other departments, they must take a standardized intelligence test and obtain a certain grade on the test. The intelligence test disproportionally disqualified African American employees at a substantially higher rate than Caucasian employees. The company never made any finding that the intelligence test measured an employee’s ability to do their job. Many Caucasian employees who did not pass the intelligence test had been shown to perform their jobs at the company satisfactorily. The African American employees brought a class action suit against the company alleging that the requirement of having to take the test to be eligible for a transfer within the company was a violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act.