01

What is Community-Acquired Pneumonia?

Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is the broad term ascribed to a bacterial, viral, or fungal infection impacting the lungs. CAP may cause symptoms ranging from shortness of breath and coughing to far more severe effects such as death secondary to sepsis. 

Streptococcus pneumoniae is a bacterial pathogen responsible for hundreds of thousands of pneumonia cases in the United States each year. Further, young children and older adults are the most susceptible to pneumonia.

02

Pneumonia Risk Factors

A patient’s prognosis for community-acquired pneumonia depends on age and timeliness of the diagnosis. In addition, if a patient is immunocompromised, this could increase their risk. Effective treatment also relies on determining the underlying bacterial cause and administering the appropriate antibiotics.

03

Community-Acquired Pneumonia Symptoms

Common community-acquired pneumonia symptoms include weakness, cough, shortness of breath, fever, chills, and chest pain. A patient’s recovery depends on their doctor’s attention to these symptoms. 

Patients with a history of lung disorders who develop flu-like symptoms should be closely monitored by clinicians. 

04

Considering Differential Diagnosis

Community-acquired pneumonia symptoms do overlap with some other conditions. Clinicians must also consider the alternatives before arriving at a CAP diagnosis. For instance, CAP symptoms can sometimes mimic those of heart attacks or pulmonary embolisms. Independent medical examinations can be crucial here to rule out alternate conditions.

Understand the critical components of CAP treatment

Standard of Care for Community-Acquired Pneumonia Treatment

Overall, timely intervention in the case of any pulmonary infection is almost always associated with positive outcomes. Antibiotic treatment should commence promptly following diagnosis. Corticosteroids can also help prevent severe symptoms. Ordering blood cultures could also help focus any additional treatment recommendations.

05

Patient Age & Community-Acquired Pneumonia Treatment

Elderly CAP patients require the greatest clinical vigilance. Older patients with pneumonia are less likely to communicate their symptoms to physicians, placing them at greater risk of infection. Elderly patients most often experience fatigue, cough, and fever and should be treated accordingly.

06

Antibiotic Therapies for Community-Acquired Pneumonia

For healthy adults, common CAP treatments include amoxicillin and doxycycline, among others. 

Special considerations must be made in cases where the bacteria is resistant to antibiotics. In certain instances, alternate therapies may be used at the discretion of the physician. 

07

Confounding Factors in Community-Acquired Pneumonia Lawsuits

Attorneys advocating on behalf of CAP patients should consider whether underlying conditions may have predisposed the patient to such conditions. Confounding factors may include age, smoking history, and any immune-compromising conditions.

For the most robust review of all underlying factors in your next community-acquired pneumonia management case, let our team of physicians do the heavy lifting with a Strategic Research report. You’ll receive an outline of the most relevant literature for your case, compiled by a doctor and fully cited for your reference. Stay ahead of the curve with custom research and secure your most successful case outcome.

This Litigation Guide was medically reviewed by Ricky Siddiqui, M.S., M.P.H., M.D. Candidate